1. Badlands: barren areas; other inhospitable western locations.
  2. Barbed Wire: Wire with sharp points used to fence off land, revolutionizing ranching in the West.
  3. Branding: Marking livestock with a hot iron to indicate ownership.
  4. Branding Iron: A heated metal tool used to mark livestock with a design to identify ownership.
  5. Bronc Buster: A cowboy who could tame wild horses.
  6. Bronco: An untrained or semi-wild horse, often known for bucking.
  7. Buckboard: A four-wheeled wagon with a flat, flexible platform.
  8. Bunkhouse: A building where cowboys sleep and live on a ranch.
  9. Cantankerous: Bad-tempered, irritable, or argumentative
  10. Cattle Drive: The process of moving a herd of cattle from one place to another. The act of herding cattle over long distances to market.
  11. Cattle Guard: A metal grid embedded in the ground to prevent cattle from crossing a specific area.
  12. Chaps: Leather leg coverings worn by cowboys to protect their legs from cactus, brush, and thorns.
  13. Chow: Food.
  14. Chuckwagon: A wagon that carries food and cooking equipment for cowboys on a cattle drive.
  15. Chuckwagon Cook: The person responsible for preparing meals on a cattle drive.
  16. Chute: A narrow passage used to direct livestock, especially during branding or loading.
  17. Cinch: The strap that secures a saddle to a horse.
  18. Corral: A pen or enclosure for confining livestock.
  19. Cowboy Up: Tuff-up, get back on yer horse, don’t back down, don’t give up, and do the best you can with the hand you’re dealt, give it all you’ve got.
  20. Cowpoke: Another term for a cowboy, particularly one who works with cattle.
  21. Cutting Horse: A horse with the ability to cut cows out of a herd.
  22. Dogie: A motherless calf or small calf; by extension, any cattle.
  23. Dry Gulch: To ambush or attack someone, often in a secluded area.
  24. Dude: Commonly, the term applied to an Easterner, or anyone in up-scale town clothes,
  25. Feller: Fellow. “That big feller over there is the sheriff.”
  26. Foreman: A supervisor or manager on a ranch.
  27. Frontier: The region near a border; unsettled or developing land.
  28. Grub: Food, especially the provisions carried on a cattle drive.
  29. Hacienda: A large estate or plantation with a dwelling house.
  30. Hitching Post: A post where horses are tied.
  31. Lariat: A long rope used to catch livestock, also known as a lasso
  32. Hold Your Horses: Stay calm.
  33. Homesteader: A person who acquires and lives on land given by the government.
  34. Hoss: A horse, used informally.
  35. Howdy: A Western greeting meaning “hello.”
  36. Lasso: A rope with a loop used to catch animals.
  37. Livery Stable: A place where horses are kept, fed, and rented out.
  38. Loco: Crazy.
  39. Loping: A slow, easy gait of a horse, similar to a canter.
  40. Marshal: A law enforcement officer in the Old West.
  41. Maverick: An unbranded calf or yearling, also used to describe an independent-minded person
  42. Mustang: A wild horse.
  43. Night Hawk: While the rest of the cowboys slept under the stars on a cattle drive, one unlucky soul who drew the short straw, the “night hawk”, had to stay up all night standing guard.
  44. One-horse: Small, limited, inferior. “Well, if that ain’t a one-horse town.”
  45. On The Fence: Neutral or undecided.
  46. Outlaw: A bandit or criminal operating outside the law; also used to describe a wild or a dangerous horse.
  47. Pony Express: A mail delivery service that used relays of horse riders in the 1860s.
  48. Posse: A group of people, often armed, gathered to enforce the law or pursue criminals.
  49. Prairie Dog: A small, burrowing rodent that lives in social groups.
  50. Pull in your Horns: Back off, quit looking for trouble
  51. Ranch: A large tract of land for raising livestock, especially cattle or horses
  52. Range: Open land over which livestock can roam and graze.
  53. Range War: Conflicts over control of land or water between farmers and ranchers.
  54. Ride For the Brand: To be loyal to the ranch and rancher that pays a cowboy.
  55. Rip-roaring, Rip-staver, Rip-snortin’: An impressive person or thing.
  56. Rocky Mountain Oysters: Fried or roasted calves’ testicles. Also called Prairie Oysters.
  57. Rodeo: A competitive event where cowboys display their skills in activities such as riding broncs & bulls and roping.
  58. Roping: The act of throwing a lariat to catch an animal.
  59. Roundup: The process of gathering cattle together, typically for branding, sorting, or sale.
  60. Rustler: A cattle thief.
  61. Rustling: The act of stealing cattle.
  62. Saddle Horn: The knob at the front of a saddle used for holding a lariat or securing a rider.
  63. Saddle: A leather seat fastened on the back of a horse for riding.
  64. Saddlebags: Leather bags attached to the back of a saddle for carrying supplies.
  65. Saddle Bum: A drifter or worthless person.
  66. Saddle Up: To prepare to ride a horse
  67. Saloon: A bar or tavern in the Old West.
  68. Sand: Guts; courage; toughness. “You got sand, that’s fer shore.”
  69. Shave: A narrow escape, a false alarm, a hoax.
  70. Sheriff: The chief law enforcement officer in a county.
  71. Shindig: A dance, party, celebration.
  72. Shootout: A gunfight between two or more individuals.
  73. Sidewinder: A rattlesnake; also used to describe someone who is sneaky or deceitful.
  74. Six-Shooter: A revolver with six chambers for bullets, commonly used by cowboys in the Old West.
  75. Sodbuster: A homesteader who plows and cultivates the prairie land for farming.
  76. Someone to Ride the River With: A person to be counted on; reliable; got it where it counts.
  77. Spell – Time; for a while.
  78. Spur: A device with sharp points worn on a rider’s boots to urge a horse to go faster.
  79. Stagecoach: a closed four-wheeled vehicle drawn by horses and used for transporting passengers and goods along established routes.
  80. Stampede: A sudden, panicked rush of a herd of animals, often cattle, often caused by fright.
  81. String: A line of horses.
  82. Tack: Equipment used for riding horses, including saddles, bridles, and reins.
  83. Tenderfoot: A person new to the job, or a young person.
  84. Ten-Gallon Hat: A large, wide-brimmed hat traditionally worn by cowboys.
  85. Tit For Tat: I shall treat you as you treat me.
  86. Trail Boss: The leader of a cattle drive.
  87. Trail Hand: A cowboy who works on a cattle drive.
  88. Tumbleweed: A plant that breaks away from its roots and is blown by the wind, often seen in Western movies.
  89. Vamoose: To disappear or leave quickly.
  90. Vaquero: The Spanish term for a cowboy or cattle herder.
  91. Varmints: A small or medium-sized unwanted animal, or a disreputable individual. 
  92. Watering Hole: A place where animals drink water; also a term for a bar or saloon.
  93. Wrangler: A cowboy who handles horses or other livestock.
  94. Yammerin’: Talking. “Drink yer coffee an’ quit yer yammerin’.”
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